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Rabbi Yossi's Blog

Welcome to Rabbi Yossi's Blog; where you can expect to find thoughts on current events, Torah learning and Jewish spirituality. And of course, some good Jewish humor.

Feeling inadequate?

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Many of us are afflicted by feelings of inadequacy. Why this is, I’ll have to leave to the psychologists among us. But what to do about it? Allow me to share some wisdom from this week’s Torah portion, Matot-Masei.
It’s actually a double portion; the second, Masei, outlines the journeys of the Jewish people from Egypt to the Promised Land. There were a total of 42 stations along the way, where they stopped for varying lengths of time, until they arrived on the border of the future Land of Israel.
In relating this account the Torah employs a peculiar choice of words, “These are the journeys of the children of Israel who left the land of Egypt,” implying that all the journeys are part of leaving Egypt. Yet in the most literal sense it was only one journey that took them past the borders of Egypt. While not yet in Israel, they had certainly left Egypt.
Why the implication, that obviously doesn’t reflect reality, that all the 42 steps of their journey were part of leaving Egypt? And most importantly, what’s the lesson for us? If it’s included in the Torah there must be a lesson. That’s what the Torah is - guidance for life.
The country Egypt is a specific geographic location; they physically left Egypt when they crossed the border. But Egypt also represents an attitude. The Hebrew word for Egypt, Mitzrayim-מצרים, also means limitations or boundaries. Our role is to leave “Mitzrayim,” to grow beyond the limitations and boundaries that confined and limited us until this point.
And this process is not a one time effort - it is ongoing. When we grow beyond a particular limitation, that soon becomes our new normal and it’s time once again to grow and develop - beyond our new reality.
And if you’re feeling inadequate? Looking at the next person’s accomplishments and realizing how distant you are from them? The fact that there are 42 stops along the way to the Holy Land is an important reminder. G-d never intended the route from Egypt to Israel to take one step; it’s a journey that is made of many small steps along the way.
Each person has their particular set of circumstances, their particular “Mitzrayim” personal limitations, to grow beyond. And each person has their own achievements to measure against. Have you taken a step forward? That’s what counts!
And truth be told, if you’ve perhaps taken a step backward, that is part of the journey too. Look in the Torah narrative of the 42 journeys and you will find some stops where rebellion and sin took place, yet they are counted among the steps leading to the Holy Land.
The main thing is to keep on going and keep on growing.


 

Are We Too Far Ahead?

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Leadership is a tricky role; by definition, one is not a leader if they aren’t out in front and leading. However, a leader also has to know his or her constituents - it wouldn’t help if the leader is so far ahead that they end up all alone. They would no longer be leaders in that circumstance either. In other words, one could be an ineffectual leader either because they’re not leading or because they’re leading by too much.
This is true about innovation too - there are many amazing technology companies that failed early on, only to be followed by another company, providing virtually the same service or platform that becomes wildly successful. It’s not because the idea was bad - ultimately it was highly successful - it’s because the timing was off. They were too early and the market wasn’t ready for it yet.
Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, OBM, former Chief Rabbi of the UK, explains that this is exactly what Moses is highlighting when asking G-d to choose his successor (as discussed in this week’s Torah Portion). 
Moses asks G-d to appoint a leader who “will go forth before them and come before them, who will lead them out and bring them in.” The verse seems to repeat itself, that is until you look a little closer: “will go forth before them and come before them,” this leader needs to lead. But this leader needs to also ensure that the people are following “who will lead them out and bring them in.”
Great leaders push people beyond their perceived limits. But great leaders can also provoke some resentment when people aren’t ready to follow.
The Jewish people have been collectively charged by G-d to lead the world to a better place. To make this world more in tune with the Divine, until we usher in the era of Moshiach and our world will permanently be transformed to goodness.
We’ve been at this work for a few thousand years, and in the interim it’s provoked the enmity of many an antisemite. The fact that there is antisemitism shows us that we’re accomplishing something. The fact that it has far, far less traction than it once did means that we’ve almost accomplished our goal.
We’re not too far ahead, the world is ready. In fact, more people today than ever before are searching for depth and meaning. We have the tools of elevating and refining this world and we need to share them. 
Torah provides guidance and perspective, we need to study it and be sure to share what we learn with others. We’ve been tasked with a mission; it’s our responsibility to lead. When we do, the world will be all the better for it.

 

How Do We Handle Tragedy?

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Although I deeply enjoy the work I do, there is one thing that challenges me more than anything else: comforting people in times of tragedy. I’m human too (yes, believe it or not) and most of the time I don’t have words either. I don’t have wisdom to offer every time something terrible takes place and I certainly have no inkling as to why G-d chooses that such tragedies take place.
The horrific collapse of the condo building in Florida early yesterday morning leaves us questioning. Why? How? It’s unfair!
When tragedy strikes we have to reflect about how we can change for the better as a result of this event. How can we each add in positivity and light to make this world a better place?
Silence is an excellent immediate response to tragedy. But following the silence there must be action. Action that we can immediately implement.
Questions like “why did this happen?” or “how did this happen?” or “what caused it to happen?” or even “how can we prevent it in the future?” are mostly questions for law enforcement, politicians, health care professionals - or perhaps, G-d. But none of them are in my direct control.
While I may not have anything to say, I know that blame, bickering and hatred are not solutions. Regardless of how emotional one may get by events around us - or even those that happen to us directly - divisiveness has never healed anyone.
Emotion can be positive when it motivates us to do more than we may have otherwise. However, when that emotion is misdirected toward things over which we have no immediate direct control, we’re wasting a precious opportunity to better the world.
The only directly relevant question that I need to immediately ask - and answer - is, what can I do? I can add positivity in my personal life. I can be more cognizant of what is happening to those around me. I can stop and help when I see someone in need. I can volunteer to help those who are hurting.
There are so many things that we can immediately do, today, in the wake of tragedy. What will you do?

Is Judaism Rational?

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Some like to think that Judaism is rational but I’ll be the first to tell you that it’s not. In fact, trying to rationalize Judaism will lead to abandoning it altogether. This doesn’t mean we shouldn’t study - we have to understand all that we can. But we also need to acknowledge that there are somethings that we simply cannot.
Western society tends to looks down on doing things without logical basis, while at the same time hundreds of marketing firms exist solely to cause people to purchase, behave or believe by appealing to emotion. Most of us wouldn’t be able to articulate why a particular brand is significantly more valuable than its competitors - yet we’ll willingly spend extra money on that particular brand.
The fact is that a rational Judaism is a limited one - even if an individual is significantly knowledgeable and duly observant. At the end of the day, their observance is tied to their understanding - and that is limited by definition.
How can one connect with an infinite G-d through a limited prism? How can one fully integrate Judaism in their life if it is limited?
The supra rational nature of Judaism is highlighted in this week’s Torah portion, its very name is Chukat which means the statutes. These laws that are taught by G-d without any reason being provided. While literally speaking about the laws of the Red Heifer, the Torah implies that all the mitzvot - even those taught with a reason - are included under the umbrella of supra rational commandments.
All Mitzvot, even those that have an understandable and rational meaning, should be performed due to G-d’s command, not simply based on the logical understanding. This attitude provides a powerful inoculation against the possibility of abandoning the mitzvot based on one’s logical calculation.
Think about this: the worst tragedy in history was perpetrated by a modern, technologically advanced, scientifically steeped nation. How could this happen? Because their morals were man made and logical, not based on divine instruction.
Our Torah portion of Chukot has an additional connotation, that of engraving. The Hebrew word for engraving is also related to the name of our portion. It’s an apt connection; when one serves G-d in a supra rational manner, as implied by the first meaning of Chukot, the effect is that their relationship with G-d and their life as a Jew are not simply elements that have been added to their character, rather they are what defines their very being. It’s an expression of their essence, their true self.

Nuclear Soul

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Moses is known as the faithful shepherd of the Jewish people. He redeemed us from Egypt, split the Reed Sea and gave us the Torah. He structured the foundation of Jewish practice and its Judicial systems, leading our ancestors to the border of the Promised Land.
Yet when the Torah highlights his life achievements after his passing, none of these significant accomplishments are listed. Instead, the Torah highlights when he shattered the tablets as the defining moment of his life and his greatest accomplishment.
Consider the context for a moment. The people had sinned within 40 days of receiving the Torah; they had fashioned and worshipped the Golden Calf. This was a blatant violation of the very first of the Ten Commandments they had only just received. And when Moses witnessed this calamity, he shattered the tablets.
How can this be viewed as something positive? How can this be construed as a highlight of Moses’ life? THIS is his defining moment?? THIS is how he should be remembered?? It seems more like an event that would better be swept under the rug!
In fact, that moment when Moses chose to smash the tablets rather than allow the people to be wiped out by G-d, is when he truly became the faithful shepherd of the Jewish people.
Moses highlighted the value of the Jewish people, greater even than their observance of the Torah. Precious beyond anything in existence is the Jewish soul. This is what Moses understood and communicated at that pivotal moment.
This idea is at the core of the Rebbe’s life and leadership. The Rebbe wouldn’t tolerate speaking ill of a fellow Jew and viewed every Jew from the perspective of their powerful soul.
In fact, the Rebbe is said to have compared the soul of a Jew to nuclear energy. What might seem like a miniscule particle can release the most immense energy.
This Sunday, Gimmel Tammuz/3rd Tammuz, marks 27 years since we were able to see the Rebbe.
It’s time to adopt this attitude in our daily interactions with fellow Jews and stop focusing on the superficial. It’s time we start viewing ourselves and each other from the perspective of our souls.
Imagine how much of a difference this would make?

Becoming an Influencer

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Do you ever read an historical narrative and want to scream at the protagonists to warn them of the impending danger they’re stepping into? Or is it only me that has this weird sort of feeling?
Especially when they shoulda seen it coming.
I experience such a moment each year when studying the narrative of the spies recounted in this week’s Torah portion (Sh’lach). G-d Himself was seemingly reluctant to send the spies, telling Moses instead “You decide whether to send them.”
That should have been enough for Moses to realize it wouldn’t end well. Moses himself sensed there was trouble brewing, he even gave Joshua (one of the two spies who remained faithful) a special blessing to protect him from the negative influence of his companions.
So why in Heaven’s name did he go ahead and send them?? Because there was pressure from the people? Moses was used to standing up to pressure, he had never backed down under much greater pressure!! Yet suddenly here, against his better judgment, he capitulated.
Had Moses suddenly lost his mojo?
It’s too great a stretch to interpret this as an unfortunate mistake by the greatest Jewish leader of all time. In fact, if sending spies was the wrong decision, why in the world would Joshua himself make the same mistake some 40 years later when they were finally crossing the border into the land??
Obviously the decision was sound, the failure was in it’s execution.
There was a very important transition that needed to take place while the Jewish people were in the desert. They need to go from being a dependent people for whom everything was done on their behalf, to being independent. They needed to transform themselves from a nation of slaves into a nation of founders and builders; entrepreneurs and leaders.
They had to transition from being takers to being givers. From being influenced to being influencers.
In fact, that’s what the entire story of the Exodus and the journey to the Land of Israel is all about. It’s about taking responsibility. And yes, sometimes that means mistakes will be made.
Moses knew the risks involved but didn’t intervene with the people’s request because he knew this was part of their necessary growth.
Just like our ancestors inheriting the land, our Jewishness and our connection to G-d is not dependent on anyone else aside from each of us. It’s not about the rabbi or the synagogue, it’s about me and G-d.
It’s about me making Jewish choices despite what others may or may not do. It’s about doing what’s right, whether or not it’s popular.

 

What is Antisemitism and What To Do About It?

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It’s like an infectious disease that keeps adapting to the medications that are out to beat it. And just like an infectious disease, in order to eradicate it we have to first understand its nature.
Antisemitism. It’s been around as long as we have. And it keeps morphing into something new, expressing itself differently based on societal change. But at its core it’s always the same; hatred for the Jewish people and everything that Judaism stands for.
You may know that Antisemitism is one of my least favorite topics to discuss. Not because I’m uncomfortable with the topic, rather because I’m loath to allow it to be the focal point of the Jewish experience.
The truth is that properly understanding Antisemitism can actually help us in understanding our own role in the world.
Antisemitism is not hatred per se; it’s a weltanschauung - a reflection on one’s view on life - that can devolve into hatred and discrimination. But at its core, it’s a philosophy on life and that’s why it doesn’t go away.
That’s why it’s a disservice and inaccurate to equate it with any other form of bigotry.
Judaism says that this world was intentionally created - with a purpose and a goal. The purpose is to make this world a home for G-d and the goal is the era when this will be achieved globally. Judaism says that every human being is here to take part in achieving this aim and that the Jewish people are tasked with shining a guiding light and being a positive example in this regard.
Antisemitism is a rejection of the notion that G-d created the world and charged us with elevating and perfecting it.
Antisemitism is a rejection of the conviction that we each have a unique purpose to serve.
Antisemitism is a rejection of the idea that G-d chose the Jewish people for a lead role in this plan.
And the best way to combat it is to live our life in a manner that affirms that G-d created the world and charged us with elevating and perfecting it.
Combating Antisemitism requires us to live our life consistent with the conviction that we each have a unique purpose to serve.
And the greatest rebuke of Antisemitism is demonstrating by our actions and choices that G-d chose the Jewish people for a lead role in this plan.
So, stand and get involved. Not only by denouncing and combating it, and not only by confronting it when and where it rears its ugly head. While there is a time and place for that, our primary way of effecting change is to get involved in the ultimate purpose of creation, making this world a G-dly space.

 

What's the Big Deal?

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Today we’re throwing a big birthday bash - for a fairly young birthday boy; Meir turns three today, so we’re making a big celebration out of it. But why make such a big deal out of turning three? Aren’t there more important things to do than inviting everyone to join a three year old’s birthday party?

Turns out that age three in Jewish tradition is pretty important, in fact that is when the parents’ obligation to educate their child begins.
 
In other words, age three is not just a simple age; rather it’s the age that a Jewish child begins the process of becoming a link in the illustrious, millennia long, chain of Jewish tradition.
 
Jewish education is not as much about teaching information - it’s about providing a firm foundation for life. Today many people view education as teaching information; 1+1=2, ABC, etc.

To clarify: Information helps us understand the difference between a cat and a comma; a cat has claws at the end of its paws but a comma is a pause at the end of a clause. Admittedly useful information - but so secondary to the grand scheme of things.
The most important aspect of education is teaching children about G-d, Torah, absolute moral values and the precious-ness and significance of life. The fact that no matter their family or national origin, their life is significant - and they have a responsibility to their creator - and all humanity - to live up to the potential for which they were created.
It’s never too late to learn information but there is no second chance to provide a child with true foundational education.
(Witnessing the fallacies and moral confusion recently expressed by so many in reaction to events in Israel underscores how downright crucial real education is.)
“But you have to let children discover their own path,” come the complaints. Yes, within a proper foundation, within the correct context. If children are not provided with a firm G-dly and absolute moral values-based foundation, they end up adrift in the sea of life with no means of getting ashore.
When we provide children with a proper education - not just information - this provides them the tools to make proper choices and succeed wherever life leads them.

Do You Wash Your Clothes?

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A friend of mine accidently left his pen in his shirt pocket and unwittingly threw it into the washing machine. When the load was done he realized his mistake because now all his clothes were stained with ink. So he set the washing machine to run a new cycle, only this time in his shirt pocket he put a container of White-Out.
Although cleaning ink stains may work slightly differently than the method my friend tried, the fact is that if your clothes get dirty it's usually not so terrible - they can easily be cleaned.
Our clothes are made to fit us and we wear clothes that match our personal style. But although they’re so closely aligned with us, our clothes are obviously not part of us. We wear them and they keep us warm when necessary, dress us up for an occasion and present our best appearance to others; but they do not become one with us, they remain just that, clothing.
Chassidic teachings explain that our soul wears clothing too. In fact, it has three garments: Thought, Speech and Action. They are the tools that our soul uses to interact with the world.
And just like actual clothes, they can easily be cleaned.
When the Jewish people camped at the foot of Mount Sinai 3333 years ago to receive the Torah, among other things they were instructed to clean their clothes. The intention then was in a ritual sense, to purify their garments.
The holiday of Shavuot begins this Sunday night (yes, it’s a major, Biblical, Jewish holiday). Every year on Shavuot, the anniversary of the giving of the Ten Commandments, we receive the Torah anew. It’s as though we are standing at Mount Sinai all over again. Just like we needed to prepare spiritually the first time around, each year we need to prepare spiritually for the holiday of Shavuot.
Just like then, they needed to clean their clothes; so too each year we need to “clean our clothes.” Our soul clothes. As we prepare for the holiday of Shavuot, it’s time for us to examine our Thought, Speech and Action and ensure they are in line with G-d’s will.
What if they are not exactly as “clean” as they should be? The good news is that just like actual clothing, our “soul clothes” can be easily washed. The difference is that to clean actual clothes you use a washing machine and detergent; to clean our “soul clothes” it takes being aware of our choices and ensuring we make intentional positive choices rather than impulsive ones.
Go ahead, throw in your first load!

This Will Not Pay For Itself

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Have you ever seen those ads for new windows that promise that the new windows will “pay for themselves within 12 months”? Well, an elderly woman once had those wonderful new windows installed. Triple pane, insulation - the works. The company sent her an invoice requesting payment, but almost an entire year had already passed and the bill remained unpaid.
When a debt collector finally caught up with her and asked how she plans to pay the bill, the woman expressed indignation, "I was promised that the windows would pay for themselves within 12 months! Why are you chasing ME for payment?"
It's just a humorous anecdote but it contains an important message. Often we hear about some unique method to accomplish a goal. It may be a personal goal or work related. Perhaps it's guidance on improving our relationships or raising children. Or it may be inspiration to strengthen our Jewish observance and our relationship with G-d.
It sounds simple, make a certain change and you will successfully achieve your goal. So we make the change, we take the initiative and then, we sit back and wait. Instead of maintaining the momentum and following through on our effort, we allow ourselves the perceived comfort of relaxing and falling back.
Then when we don't reach our goal, we incredulously exclaim, "Hey, it was supposed to pay for itself!" Making a goal is step one, but it needs to be followed with a step two, three and four in order to be effective.
In just over a week we will celebrate the holiday of Shavuot. Over 3,000 years ago our ancestors stood as one nation at the foot of the Mount Sinai and received the Torah from G-d. This experience of mass revelation never happened with any other group of people and has never been repeated in history. It is the singular event that defined us and gave us our mission in this world; to fuse the holy with the mundane and to elevate this world and reveal the G-dliness within it.
In the time leading up to Shavuot, we are each presented with an opportunity to make a positive change with regard to our Jewish observance and practice. It's an opportune time to make a specific goal to advance and strengthen our connection. But it's equally important, if not more important, to ensure we stick with it and follow through on our goal.

Joy and Sorrow Marching Together

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The key to Jewish continuity is embedded in Lag BaOmer (the 33rd day of the Omer count) which we celebrate today.
Despite never having any formal education, at the age of 40, Akiva the ignorant farmer began his transformation into Rabbi Akiva, the greatest sage of his time and one of the most influential Jewish leaders in history.
Sadly a number of years later his by now 24,000 scholarly students’ passion led them to disrespect and disregard not just their colleagues' opinions but their character as well. G-d held these students accountable in a way that only the most precious are and a devastating plague killed all but 5 students.
In his mid 70s Rabbí Akiva had lost all that he had spent years building.
Resolve and resilience in the face of enormous adversity is what helped Rabbí Akiva recover and rebuild.
Lag BaOmer also celebrates the passing of one of these students, Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai; universally known as the Rashbi (an acronym of his name). He was a great sage and scholar, the author of the famous kabbalistic work, the Zohar. Before his passing he requested that the anniversary of his passing (Lag BaOmer) be celebrated.
The central theme oft the Rashbi’s life and therefore that of Lag BaOmer, is the inner secrets of the Torah, the deeper dimension of wisdom that is contained in the kabbalistic works.
When we look at another Jew through the prism of the inner teachings we discover that in fact we are all one. On the surface we may be different beings; on the surface we have different goals and different priorities, but when we peel away the layers we realize that in reality we are all one.
When we study the inner teachings of the Torah contained in Kabbalah, as explained and elaborated upon in Chassidic teachings, we realize that the entire world - all of creation - is essentially one. As we work to reveal this oneness we will hasten the revelation of Moshiach; the entire benefit of which is that, at that point, the entire world will be cognizant of this Oneness and it will no longer be hidden.
While we may not always focus on this reality, we always sense it. That’s why news about Jewish people anywhere in the world affects us so deeply. That’s why this horrible tragedy that happened in Meron last night has deeply traumatized the Jewish world.
Lag BaOmer is supposed to be a special day of celebration, not one of mourning. It’s supposed to be a special day of unity, not one of recrimination.
While it’s impossible for us to make sense of such painful experiences, Lag BaOmer also teaches us that there is more than meets the eye and mustering our resolve and resilience, we still have a Divine mission on this world.
May we have only good news to share!

Just a Cliché?

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Some clichés are just that, cliché. Without real depth or significance behind the widely used expression. But some sayings contain deep wisdom that we risk missing out on if they’re simply reduced to a cliché.
“‘Love your neighbor as yourself’ - Rabbi Akiva said, this is an important, foundational principle of the Torah.”
This saying is quoted all the time, so much so that it’s been reduced to a cliché. People say it without grasping it’s depth and everyone dutifully nods in agreement - also without actually “getting” it.
So join me as we analyze a little -

Is it even possible? What if I don’t even love myself? And how is this mitzvah relevant to say, eating Kosher or keeping Shabbat? How is this specific instruction a “foundational principle of the Torah”?
First things first, is it possible - absolutely yes! Does it require a reworking of our typical world view? Also, absolutely yes.
Here’s the deal: The physical reality that we view with our physical eyes is not the entire story. The deeper reality is the Divine energy that maintains the physical. So, “reality” is the Divine; superficial perception is where we usually abide. When we train ourselves to view everything through the elevated Divine prism, our experience is entirely transformed.
We value and truly love ourselves - and every other person we come in contact with - not because of what we (or they) have achieved, but because of our very essence: our Divine soul. And this perspective of reality leads us to the fulfillment of all the other mitzvot of the Torah too.
And the more we bring ourselves in tune with this reality, the more confident we interact, the more intentional we live and the happier we become.

Does G-d Make Mistakes?

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Does G-d make mistakes? Yes, actually G-d does make mistakes - through us. Each time we stumble, each time we make a wrong decision or succumb to some sort of temptation, G-d is once again making a mistake.
I guess it would be helpful if I clarified a little.
Deliberately built into the fabric of our universe is the ability to make mistakes - and then rectify and return; to grow from and through them.
G-d put us in this fraught existence knowing that the obstacles in our way could cause us to stumble and fall. And take G-d with us when we do.
However, the intention is not for us to discover our lowliness, it’s for us to discover the depth of our ability. It’s for us to uncover the innate preciousness and true greatness concealed within each of us.
Mistakes are not a bug, they are intentionally built into the system. So when we do deviate, when we do fail, there is no room for despair. It’s a reminder that G-d has something greater in mind for us.
Our deepest Divine service is to get up when we fall and learn from our mistakes. This is how we express the greatest of Divine perfection; the ability to make mistakes.

Kosher Pig?!

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Kosher pig?! How could pigs become Kosher? Never. The rabbi has gone mad…?
Never, you say? Well, consider this: the Hebrew term for this unkosher omnivore is Chazer. This Hebrew name that it carries, says the Talmud, indicates that in the future, in the Messianic era, Hashem will yachzirena (return it) to the Jewish people and it will become Kosher.
How does that make sense? Well, I don’t know the literal explanation, or if it is even supposed to be taken literally, but here’s a nice insight that I will share with you:
Kosher animals must chew their cud and have split hooves. Chassidic teachings identify the kosher signs in animals as reflecting spiritual accomplishment and lack of kosher signs as spiritual deficiencies.
An animal that has both kosher signs reflects a person whose personal character is holy and refined - and whose actions and interactions with others reflect this internal refinement.
To clarify:
Has split hooves = many good deeds
Now, an animal that is lacking in one or the other sign reflects an individual who is lacking either in character refinement or is lacking in their interaction with others and good deeds. This means that the pig, an animal that has split hooves but doesn’t chew its cud, reflects a person who has many good deeds but whose internal character is not so refined.
In the Messianic era, when the world will be cleansed of all negative elements and will be elevated to a higher state of purity, this character refinement deficiency will be rectified. But, missing good deeds cannot ever be added.
Therefore, our sages say, the pig will “return”; i.e. the person whose personal, internal, spiritual character is lacking will become refined. However if one’s personal spiritual character is well developed but the good deeds are lacking, this cannot be fixed or retrieved retroactively. In other words, as the sages said, a pig (or rather, a person whose spiritual state is reflected by the pig) will become purified.
And it’s not just a handy insight to a strange Talmudic statement, it’s relevant to each of us today too. People often tell me that they don’t feel “moved” to perform a particular mitzvah, they don’t feel inspired. This little Talmudic anecdote reminds us, missed action can never be replaced but positive action lacking sincere intention can always later be rectified.

One Second, It's Still Passover?

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Everyone knows about the Passover Seder. In fact, it’s one of the most observed Jewish practices, both inside and outside Israel. We know what it’s all about, we’re commemorating the Exodus and along with it come all the familiar (and some unfamiliar) traditions.

 

But what is the purpose of the end of Passover? The first days are observed as work-restricted holidays as are the last; why not just end the holiday after the Seder?

 

The simple answer is because the event which Passover commemorates, namely the Exodus, wasn’t over until a full week later. Only after the miraculous splitting of the sea, when what was left of the mighty Egyptian army drowned in the Reed Sea, were the Jewish people truly freed from Egyptian persecution.

 

As you know, there is always more to the story. We get an inkling from the Haftorah (reading from the Prophets) of the last day of Passover. We read about the era of Moshiach, the promise of a future redemption.

 

The first days of Passover commemorate the Exodus, the last days of Passover look toward the Messianic redemption in the future. There are a number of differences between the two but let’s focus on one for now.

 

By all accounts, the Exodus from Egypt was G-d’s doing - in fact, the Jewish people were on an extremely low spiritual level. Their spiritual level was in many ways so similar to their Egyptian captors that the Midrash quotes the angels as having argued against their redemption, claiming that they didn’t deserve it.

 

The future Messianic redemption however, is dependent on our doing; it is based on our behavior and our choices. In fact, while we eagerly work toward and await the global redemption, we can incorporate a redemption mindset in our own life - even before the rest of the world is up to speed.

 

The Exodus from Egypt didn’t change the entire world, its effect was not permanent. While we were never exiled back to Egypt, over the years we have still been subjected to various forms of exile and slavery.

 

On an individual basis - we cannot be completely free when our freedom is provided by someone else - even by G-d. Ultimate and lasting freedom is internally achieved. It is only when redemption is made personal; personally developed and deeply internalized, that it has the ability to achieve permanent - and global - change.

 

For this reason - among others - we gather on the last day of Passover, in the last few hours of the holiday, and celebrate with the “Meal of Moshiach”. We don’t wait until redemption “happens” to us, we begin to incorporate the redemption mindset in our daily lives.

 

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